What to do if it hurts under the arm?
The pain is always unpleasant and makes you worry. What to do if it is localized in the armpit? Find out the possible causes of this symptom and begin to act.
The pain under the arm can have a different nature and intensity: to be strong, moderate or weak, sharp, aching, dull, piercing, pulling and even shooting. Sometimes other symptoms are observed: edema, formation of a lump, hyperemia, redness, itching or burning, fever, discharge of pus, restricted mobility of the hand, fever, weakness, and others.
What are they causing?
Why does it hurt under the arm? The causes of this symptom may be as follows:
- Atheroma, or, as it is called in simple language, a wen is a sebaceous gland cyst formed as a result of its blockage and violation of the outflow of skin secretion. Typically, these tumors are localized in the hairy areas of the body, which include the armpits.An atheroma may not be disturbing and small in size, but with growth and constant squeezing or friction, it will begin to cause discomfort or pain.
- Lymphadenitis is an inflammation of the lymph nodes associated with the entry of pathogenic microorganisms into them, namely, staphylococci and streptococci. The inflammatory process is usually accompanied by an increase in size, redness, the formation and accumulation of pus, severe pain, fever and an increase in body temperature.
- Hydradenitis is an inflammatory disease of the sweat glands, a large accumulation of which is localized under the armpits, so the symptoms most often manifest themselves in this area. The main cause of inflammation is the activity of pathogenic flora. Pyogenic bacteria can enter the glands with the flow of lymph or from the environment through skin lesions. Symptoms of the disease are similar to those of lymphadenitis, but slightly less pronounced.
- Lymphadenopathy or enlarged lymph node. Its increase is most often caused by hypothermia due to prolonged stay in a cool place or contact with cold objects, but it can also be associated with various diseases of internal systems and organs.
- Injuries, for example, bruises of the area under consideration.Most often they are found in professional athletes or people whose profession is associated with heavy physical labor.
- Stretch muscles. In the zone of the armpits there are many muscle fibers that can stretch or even tear with sudden movements of the hands, lifting of weights and other manipulations carried out by the limbs.
- Folliculitis is an inflammatory process that locates in the hair follicle and develops due to its trauma and infection or ingrown hair (for example, after shaving). When inflammation of the bulb turns red, increases in size, it forms pus.
- Furuncle, which is called chicken in common people, is a purulent acute inflammation affecting the sebaceous gland, hair follicle and nearby soft tissues. The most common cause is the activity of pathogenic microorganisms that penetrate the skin.
- A carbuncle is an accumulation of several boils forming a single focus of inflammation, affecting not only the subcutaneous tissue, but also the deeper layers of soft tissue.
- Transferred operations associated with the removal of any tumors.
- Skin infections, triggered by the penetration and increased activity of pathogenic microorganisms, most often bacteria.
- Insect bites or parasites. And the moment itself can go unnoticed, but cause a serious reaction in the form of swelling, tenderness, redness, congestion, itching.
- In women, pain under the armpits can be caused by inflammatory processes localized in the mammary glands and causing inflammation of the regional lymph nodes. This can happen with mastitis. But also lymph nodes can grow in neoplasms located in the chest, especially rapidly growing and malignant.
- Allergic reactions may accompany the redness and soreness.
How to eliminate pain?
What to do with pain in the armpit? See a doctor and get tested. Since the causes of the symptom can be serious, you should not self-medicate and try to solve the problem on your own, without delving into its essence.
The choice of the method of eliminating pain in the armpit will depend on the causes of such a symptom. Consider the main possible treatment directions:
- For injuries or muscle strains, local nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually used, which are made in the form of ointments and gels and are applied to the lesions with massage movements.
- With bacterial infections, antibiotics are prescribed, and both local (with minor manifestations) and the general spectrum of action for extensive and serious lesions.
- After insect bites and allergies, it is best to use topical antihistamines.
- When inflammation of the lymph nodes should find the cause and act on it. But for the relief of the process can be recommended NPVS broad-spectrum based on ibuprofen or other active substances.
- Boils, carbuncles and folliculitis are accompanied by the formation of pus and require its removal. If the abscess is not opened independently, it will require an autopsy performed surgically (local anesthesia may be used).
- New growths, affected lymph nodes, sebaceous glands and sweat glands can be removed if it is not possible to stop the pathological processes occurring in them.
Finally, it is worthwhile to list the actions that may aggravate the situation.
- First, it is impossible to warm up the sore spot, since thermal exposure can trigger the spread of inflammation through the soft tissues and the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms.
- Secondly, it is not recommended to apply cold, because hypothermia can also do harm, although it alleviates the pain.
- Thirdly, do not rub the area of the body in order to avoid injury to tissues and their infection.
- And, finally, fourthly, it is extremely dangerous to try to open or squeeze out an abscess on its own: such gross manipulations can lead to sepsis, and it threatens a fatal outcome.
If you experience pain under your arm, consult your doctor and follow his recommendations.
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