What is a "Turkish cucumber"?

According to designers and art historians, this unusual and very ancient pattern today is experiencing another round of popularity, on its basis many famous brands of brand clothing have already managed to release completely different and very original forms of clothing.

But why “Turkish cucumber”? What kind of strange name is it and where does it originate from? Why is it so popular and why is it known literally all over the world? Let's figure it out.

The history of the amazing ornament

"Turkish cucumber", "Persian cypress", "Japanese cucumber", "Oriental cucumber", buta, "Tear of Allah" and, perhaps, another one of its most common names - Paisley ... And this is not all "names" of this unique pattern, which is not just known almost all over the world, but in almost every country has its own, special, history of origin.

This figure is really capable of boasting an ancient, and so far completely unknown, history of its origin, which, according to experts, began in the ancient Sassanid Empire, around 225 BC.In fact, this is the territory of modern Iran and Iraq, and therefore these countries can be considered the ancestors of the Turkish cucumber.

Thanks to trade relations, over time, fabrics from Paisley came to the countries of Central Asia, spread in Africa and India, from which, in principle, reached Europe in the early 17th century thanks to British settlers.

Beautiful oriental ornaments usually covered shawls and shawls, which were highly valued in those times, only aristocratic and rich people could afford them.

The Europeans liked the unusual pattern so much that in the Scottish town called Paisley they even started mass production of fabrics with a “cucumber” pattern, from which, by the way, it received its next name. True, at first the products were much inferior to the Indian ones, the scarce palette of colors was not pleasing, and the quality was much worse.

But over time, the factories developed more and more, the “cucumber” from the East became more and more popular and spread to the masses, which deprived it of its original value and the uniqueness of authentic motifs. By the end of the XIX century, Paisley completely lost its relevance, falling into a period of long oblivion.

Remembered about its existence only a century later, and it happened because of the famous band The Beatles, suddenly "Turkish cucumbers" become a symbol of the movement of the hippies. After that, the unusual figure is forgotten again, and the next degeneration of the famous "eastern cucumber" falls on the middle of the 2000s and continues to this day.


But why all the same "Turkish", and even "cucumber"? Basically, this is the Russian name, because the motifs of such patterns are often found on the fabrics of Russian ladies, starting from the 18th century. A vivid example are the Pavlovian scarves and shawls, the Ivanovo print with its printed ornament, dresses and covers for furniture and so on.

And the name was simply: "cucumber", because the shape of the pattern strongly resembles this vegetable, well, and "Turkish", because the drawing came to us from the East, and in Russia at that time, with it, most of all, was associated with Turkey.

As we have said, in each country this drawing got its name and a mysterious interpretation. For example, in India, a drop-shaped pattern is personified with the symbol of the god Ganesh, mango, or with a palm leaf. In the opinion of the Indians, this is a symbol of life, the movement forward, energy and the forces of nature, probably, it is not for nothing that it is with the help of "cucumbers" that they decorate the traditional attire of the Indian bride.

For all Arab countries, the pattern has one name - “Allah’s tear”, while the name “Persian cypress” symbolizes a cypress tree leaf, which, in turn, speaks of eternity and life. In Turkey, "Eastern cucumbers" are called "beans", and in Azerbaijan - Bout. In essence, “buta” in translation means “flame” or “fire”, which in the most ancient religion of the world, Zoroastrianism, again, symbolizes life.

Paisley today

Nowadays, cucumber motifs from the East are widely used not only in clothes, shawls and shawls, but also in interior design, with its help decorate bed linen and furniture covers, usually by means of embroidery or color printing.

Very interesting Turkish cucumbers look on the elements of decor, crocheted or knitting, embroidered with threads or beads, painted or even forged. Elements of such an ornament can be found on the dishes, various accessories, wallpaper, tiles, women's bags and even in objects of jewelry!

Modern girls with great pleasure wear jewelry in the form of necklaces, earrings or pendants that repeat the famous form of “Turkish bean”. In addition, cucumber motifs are found even in landscape design, nail art, cooking, and any other branches of human activity.

Today, the manifestations of the cucumber pattern are the most amazing and diverse: the elements can be large and small, subtle and, on the contrary, deliberately coarse, blurry and distinct, decorated with many additional curls and patterns, monotonous or made in a rich color range.

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