What is a sonnet?

Ekaterina Ermolaeva
Ekaterina Ermolaeva
February 18, 2015
What is a sonnet?

The word "sonnet" came to us from the Italian language. Sonnet is one of the poetic forms, built according to its specific rules. The sonnet gained its popularity during the time of the poet and playwright William Shakespeare, whose works are still quoted by millions of readers around the world. So what is a sonnet and what rules for constructing a verse are peculiar to it?

Building a sonnet

Sonnet is a lyrical poem that includes 14 lines.

  • Among these lines are 4 stanzas (get the definition of the stanza from the article What is a stanza) - 2 quatrains (quatrains) and 2 triads (tertseti), each of which has its own rhyme.
  • In the quatrains, rhyme can be either cross-over (through a line) or ring-shaped (the first line from the fourth).
  • There are no specific rules for constructing rhymes in the three steps.
  • In the sonnet, it is customary to logically end each stanza and separate it with signs from the next.
  • Also, each stanza is distinguished intonation, the transition from the quatrain to the three-thirteen is particularly striking.
  • In the sonnet, it is customary to alternate between male and female rhymes.

Sonnet was used by poets of different genres, whose works made a significant contribution to literature.


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