“Putting” rather than “laying down”: the most frequent mistakes in our speaking
Grammar Nazi - your middle name? On the one hand, it is very unethical to build a knowledgeable all-in-one and with personal communication, and online correspondence in social networks. But on the other hand, this is ignorance - to be illiterate and not to know your native Russian language. Everyone has a girlfriend or friend who regularly say "call". How does it hurt the ear, and you, with undisguised irritation, shuffle it for it. But what if you try in a joking way to say “call me”? It will be much more effective, and at one point you will hear the long-awaited right emphasis!
Examples of speech errors in Russian
People communicate with the help of speech, this is a kind of communication channel. And, as is known, when a signal is violated, communication can break off. Therefore, in order for human bonds to remain inseparable, speech must be correct. What kindtypical mistakes are made in the pronunciation of the proper name?
Ukraine or Ukraine?
All derived country names must be pronounced.with the emphasis on consonant AND: Ukraina, a resident is Ukrainian, language is Ukrainian. It is a mistake to emphasize the letter A.
Marilyn Monroe reading
Decline Maria Tsigal on cases
- Who what?
- Maria Tsigal.
- Whom, what?
- Maria Tsigal.
- To whom; to what?
- Maria Tsigal, etc.
Female surnames that end in a soft sign do not lean.
In Ivanovo or Ivanovo?
How often we hear: “We live in Ivanovo” or “We live in Ivanovo”. Correctly -live in the city of Ivanovolive in Ivanovo.
Below are examples of typical speech errors in the Russian language and a feature of the use of these words.
Getting dressed, we refuel blouse INSIDE skirts. Opening the envelope, we look INSIDE.No prefixes "in"must not be.
To wear? INSPIRED!
This case is perhaps the most common misuse of a word in speech. There is a simple rule by which it is easy to remember the correct use of these words depending on the context.Wear a hat - dress your daughter. When it comes to yourself, in this case, put on, someone else - wear.
Marilyn Monroe carefully reads a book
Finish school, high school? FINISH!
The school asked to make your own project. And here's the dealBEHINDit's over. You cleaned up at home - Finished. As you understand, finish the case, and the school (university, school, auto courses)ABOUTcant.
Boiling white? BOILY WHITE!
You cook pasta or meat, and snow-white foam is always formed on the surface - boiling, so our ancestors once called it in ancient times.
Therefore, white wardrobe items are whitish white - and no others!
Colleagues? Just COLLEAGUES!
The word “colleague” already has the following meaning by default: “a person who works with me together or has a similar profession”, therefore, explain that"Vasya - my colleague" - redundant expression.
Crema, sweaters, sweaters? CREAMS, SWEATERS, JUMPERS!
We hear the ending of “a” in these words regularly, it introduces a certain “simplicity” into the spoken language. Much more “poetic” and more correct to use at the end of the “s”: today went shopping and bought warm jumpers, and then went to the cosmetics department and bought nourishing creams.
Eat? THERE IS!
Saying the phrase "I ate", remember that it sounds like from the mouth of a mannered coquette. The word "is" is universal. It is necessary to distinguish between boundaries, you can not.To ask a child if he ate is quite ethical.. However, an adult man who answered about himself: “I have eaten” is a moveton.
Lie down? Slick!
One of the most common mistakes in speech is this one. Remember the rule:the word "lie down" does not exist, it is used only with prefixes: Put on the table, put in a pile, etc. The famous phrase from the films: "hang up" is also not the norm. Just put it, put it down.
Hardly, in half? STILL, BULK!
Remember the popular in the 90 group "Na-Na"? So: in the case of these words, no "on-to" is needed: LETTERLY, today we will go somewhere, divide the fruit by poplar.
Marilyn Monroe is reading a book in bed
On arrival, on arrival, at the end? ON ARRIVAL, ON ARRIVAL, ON END!
The correct use of these words is primarily assigned to your visual memory, frequent reading and interest in dictionaries, as there are no test rules for them. It remains only to remember well, to memorize.
How easy it is to make a mistake with the end of the words "ny, nya." Go outcolloquial version of the "sheet"from our lexicon! For this we have to remember the childhood and the famous poem by Chukovsky “Moidodyr”:
"The blanket ran away, the sheet flew away, and the pillow, like a frog, galloped away from me ..."
Vacuuming? Vacuuming? THE PURCHASE IS A VACUUM CLEANER!
The struggle for cleanliness in the house often ends with the struggle for the right speech! You put things in order, but suddenly a friend called and asked what you were doing. You answer: "vacuuming ... vacuuming ... sucking dust" ... That's right - "cleaning my vacuum cleaner"!
According to the order, orders? According to ORDER, DISPOSAL!
After the preposition "according to" always the noun in the genitive case, that is, answering the question “what”: “according to what? Order. ”The bonus for the month was issued in accordance with the order of the director of the enterprise.
When using words to erase, rinse, remove the additional ending “camping,” you kind of attribute the action to yourself, that is, you are going to rinse yourself, wash, and rub it off from dirt.
A shoe? SHOES!
It is impossible not to recall the famous phrase from the film "Prisoner of the Caucasus", which became almost a winged one: "Whose shoe."The word "shoes" is unchanged. Proper use:today was measuring a pair of shoeswhich I really liked.
Tea, sugar or TEA, SUGAR?
The experts of the Russian language reference service “Gramoty.ru” answer: both options are permissible. And they add: if earlier forms on -y, -y (drink tea, eat soup, add sugar) were preferable, now they have acquired a conversational tone and are gradually giving up their popularity to forms on -a, -i (pour tea, put sugar) .
Marilyn Monroe reads the book while lying on the couch
And do not go have a cup of favorite eCpresso. If you hear this, you are practically insulted to the core! This is the most common misuse of words in speech. The reason for the confusion is the mixing of two words from Italian and English, which have the same sound and the same meaning: espresso - fast in Italian, express - “fast, urgent, emergency” in English.By express train we will go from Moscow to St. Petersburg, enjoying a cup of your favorite espresso, sitting in the dining car.
What kindtypes of common mistakes in speakingmeet:
- Pronouncing: flesh (wrong) - pays (right), of course (wrong) - of course (right).
- Lexical: Indian - turkey.
- Phraseological: the union of two stable phrases ("through the sleeves" and "folded hands") - "You can not do this with sleeves."
- Morphological: towels, pianos, cheaper, etc.
- Syntactic: on the table are many books (wrong agreement).
- Spelling: tube, vogzal, sdes, etc. (found in written speech).
Funny mistakes in words
Often we make funny mistakes in words and do not even notice it. Sometimes this happens by chance (reservation), but most often a person doesn’t really know how to pronounce the word correctly.The last, the evonny, theirs - it's so rustic. These are incorrect derivatives of the words "him" and "them." "It would be funny if it were not so sad." The most common mistakes in the Russian language are often done on the machine. We heard this word somewhere, remembering it on a subconscious level. Therefore, if you do not want to accidentally disgrace yourself on some performance at work, in public, carefully "filter the market."
"Etovat" - what kind of beast is this?
Few people know the word how to etov. But it turns out that it exists. In terms of its value, it can be compared with English Do, denoting an action, but uncertain.This is a universal verb that can be replaced by another depending on the context.
- "What did you do today?"
- "Yes, it was all day!"
- "Enough here to show me!"
Here it is, a diverse Russian language, different in it and features of the use of words in speech. Some words that are not being used now are often mistaken for speech errors by those who do not know their meaning. For example:lamb - lamb, hail - city, chernitsa - nunand etc.
Crib! You can check the word you are interested in - its pronunciation, stress, spelling, features of meaning and usage - with the help of the portals “Gramota.ru”, “Gramma.ru”, “Yandex-dictionaries”. The site “Orphogrammka.ru” allows you to eliminate errors from whole sentences and paragraphs - to restore order, for example, in the text of a comment, letter. It is interesting to train literacy by performing online dictations (have everyone heard about the project “Total dictation?”) And interactive exercises, which are many on “Gramote.ru”
Examples of sentences with frequent speech errorsconstantly on hearing:
- I do not have billed accounts.
- You need to put things like this.
- Will you call me?
Even in the media, they often admit this: “Thanks to an earthquake, thousands of people died”.
It is not only the duty of a citizen to speak the native language correctly, but also his respect for other members of society. That is why it is so important from the childhood to instill in a child the love of learning the language. Incorrect tongue-tied speech leads to misunderstanding when communicating between people.
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