Kalanchoe: home care
This houseplant is loved by many housewives because its relative unpretentiousness is combined with amazing healing qualities. Kalanchoe (the most popular variety is Kalanchoe Blosselfeld) is endowed with several beneficial and healing properties, for which it received the nickname “home doctor” long ago. So, the juice of this plant is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for wounds, burns, abrasions and frostbite. The use of specially prepared Kalanchoe leaves helps to strengthen the immune system and lower the amount of cholesterol in the body. And in the room where this flower is located, the air is always clean and free from any dangerous germs and bacteria. In addition, we must not forget about the aesthetic beauty of Kalanchoe during its flowering period.
Any plant grower is sure that Kalanchoe should be in every home, because it is not difficult to care for him, and the benefits of the "home doctor" are often truly invaluable.How to properly water such a flower? What is the optimum temperature and humidity for it? How to care for Kalanchoe at home? Let's understand how to care for Kalanchoe!
Caring for Kalanchoe in the home
Giving recommendations for the care of any flower, experts always rely on the place of its growth in the wild. Kalanchoe is a houseplant that came to us from the island of Madagascar and eastern Africa. From here, creating conditions close to “warm African” for him, one can always get an award in the form of a healthy plant, which, although occasionally, will delight with the appearance of very beautiful flowers.
Watering Kalanchoe is necessary to produce, based on the following basic rules:
- Spring Summer.During this period, watering should be moderate, using defended cool water. It is necessary to moisten only the soil, avoiding moisture on the stem and leaves (the remaining drops on it can cause rotting of the flower). The optimum volume of irrigation is such that the soil remains moderately moist, without stagnation of water. Moisture should not be in the pan, which is a pot.The main rule is: Kalanchoe is better to get enough water than to re-moisten the soil. The absence of water for 3-4 days will transfer this flower very well, whereas it will most probably rot from excess moisture.
- Autumn winter.During this period, the volume and frequency of irrigation should be reduced exactly by half. It is very dangerous to moisten the soil under the plant with water below room temperature. It is equally risky to leave excess water in the pod: it will cool, and the flower will begin to freeze, rot and die very quickly. The best option is water at room temperature, which is added to the soil after it has completely dried.
Competent care for Kalanchoe at home also implies the creation of a plant of the optimal mode of illumination. The main nuance is the need to imitate the "day" and "night", and, "day", which this flower lasts from morning to dinner, it can be carried out on the windowsill, where direct sunlight falls. After lunch, the plant must be placed in the shade. As an option, to protect the Kalanchoe from the sun often use a handkerchief, which covers the flower "at night". In winter, when there is practically no sun, the plant can be on the windowsill without any protection around the clock.
Despite the hot climate of the native island of Madagascar, Kalanchoe belongs to indoor plants, which like the relative coolness. The optimal temperature for a healthy flower is 17-19 degrees Celsius. Interesting, but lowering the air temperature to 5-7 degrees this plant tolerates well, which is not the case with its long stay in the heat. The high temperature of the air will force the Kalanchoe to absorb more and more water, but its satiety almost always affects it destructively.
Kalanchoe needs dry air, because high humidity inevitably leads to the consumption of moisture stems and leaves of a houseplant (not roots), and this again leads to the risk of rotting the flower, the appearance of mold, etc.
The presence of a wide variety of different fertilizers for houseplants on the market has already led to the fact that many plant growers are too fond of ground feeding, often resulting in an overabundance of mineral substances in it. Kalanchoe belongs to the type of plants that do not like fertilizer. If there is no doubt about the very poor quality of the soil,succulent fertilizers should be preferred, and their dosage should be at least half as much as indicated on the package.
It is also very important to observe the condition of optimal time for fertilizing the soil under the Kalanchoe: only during the period of the end of spring - the middle of summer. Neither in autumn, nor in winter, soil can not be fertilized. In addition, you should properly follow the technology of feeding: the mixture from the bag first dissolves in warm water, after which the solution should cool. Only after this watering is performed, in which the roots will be able to get all the nutrients from the next portion of moisture.
To achieve flowering Kalanchoe, fertilizing can be done a little more often. However, it must be understood that the plant itself will begin its flowering if it creates favorable conditions for this without any additional feeding.
Kalanchoe is characterized by very fast growth, while rapidly expanding root systems can become a serious problem over time. To rectify the situation, pinching of the upper leaves and care in the form of a part of the flower, which is recommended to perform in the last month of spring, will help.The transplant should be performed as follows: a part of the plant with roots, stems and some amount of land is separated and transplanted into a separate pot. Add to it is possible only having a similar composition of soil (this will help the plant to adapt more easily). Finally, the flower will take root in a new place in 6-7 days. To ensure a successful transplant, special fertilizers will help, which should be applied to the soil in the manner indicated above.
There are 3 ways of breeding Kalanchoe:
- “Children” (fallen leaves, roots in the soil);
The first two methods are the most popular and simple in their implementation: "babes" (sprouted leaves) and cuttings are simply planted in fertilized soil.
As for the seeds, the plant growers begin to work with them from the end of winter: the seeds are placed on the surface of the soil and covered with a cloth (light on them should not fall). Regular moistening of the soil and ventilation of the pot (the tissue needs to be cleaned periodically) will allow rapid multiplication throughout the month, after which the plants will be transplanted in pots.After such a transplant, young flowers are immediately covered with a film. After the appearance of the first leaves, the film is removed, and the Kalanchoe is transplanted into its permanent pot. For the subsequent growth of a beautifully shaped bush, it is recommended that the flower be periodically rid of unnecessary shoots - pinch the top leaves.
Diseases and pests of Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe of Blosselfeld, and especially young shoots and leaves of this plant, can suffer very much from the activity of aphids. These insects literally destroy the leaves and stems, and only removing the infected areas and treating the entire plant with soapy water helps to get rid of them.
Another type of pest is scale insects. They cause fungi and mold on the leaves. It is possible to remove flail patches only after the affected areas of the plant have been treated with an alcohol solution.
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