How to properly care for room dracaena?
Dracaena - a plant that can please even the most lazy growers. It is completely unpretentious and easy to maintain, but, nevertheless, beautiful and bright, very suitable for offices, rooms where I would like to have a mini-palm tree.
In order to learn how to care for it, you need to know a little about its origin and diversity of species.
There is an interesting fact associated with this flower. They say that dracaena awakens the gift of eloquence in man. Therefore, such a flower is a wonderful gift to the silent people and the quiet ones, so that the dracaena can awaken in them the desire to talk a lot and beautifully.
The story says that once upon a time dragons lived on our planet, who were constantly slaughtering elephants, as they were fed exclusively on their blood. And at one moment, when the dragon was once again saturated with blood, the elephant before his death fell on the dragon and crushed it.
The blood of the dragon and the elephant mingled, sprinkling nearby trees, which eventually changed into the usual dragon pattern.The homeland of this amazing flower is the subtropics and tropics of Africa, Asia, the Canary Islands. In total there are about 150 species of this plant - from small decorative bushes to huge trees.
The main advantage of dracaena is its bright and attractive leaves of unusual shape. Dracaeni are different: with narrow and wide leaves, small and large, with a variety of leaf color.
In indoor conditions most often grow dracaena with narrower leaves, which have one or more yellow or white stripes. Sometimes there are also dracenes with purely green leaves, but less often. In the greenhouse conditions, special varieties of dracene are grown with colorful and variegated leaves.
Which one to choose?
That the plant pleased you with its appearance, it is important to choose it correctly. Here you can find a large number of species of dracaena.
The most unpretentious and easy to maintain are dracaena with narrow leaves, for example, Dracaena bordered and Dracaena dragon. More complex are dracaena with wide and long leaves. When buying a plant, pay attention to the leaves, they should not have spots and dried edges of the leaves.
In principle, if the dracaena is in a living room, then there is nothing to worry about. It is not picky, as long as the air temperature does not fall below 15 °.
In the summer months, abundant watering is required as needed. She does not like the earthen room to become too dry or, conversely, the soil to float in water. This can lead to rotting of the root system of the flower, so do not overdo it.
If the dracaena has wider leaves, then it will require more watering during the growth period than the dracaena with narrow leaves. Periodically, the plant can arrange a warm shower, for which the dracaena will thank you with its fresh look.
Location in space
As we have already said, dracaena - a flower easy to care for. Therefore, if you compare two dracaenas, one of which will grow in a lighted room, and the other in a darkened room, you will not notice any special differences.
But over time, it will be possible to notice that in the first case, the flower will have a more powerful crown and the number of leaves will be significantly larger than that of the plant in the second case. Following from this, it is still better that the dracaena is in a well-lit room, but not in direct sunlight.
Dracaena species that are more variegated require more light. Dragonflies also grow well under artificial lighting.
In order to properly care for room drapesa, it is sometimes necessary to feed it. Dracena fertilizer is best to start in March, and finish in November. Winter - a dormant period for the plant during this period, feeding is not more than 1 time per month.
In other months - we fertilize the plant once every 15 days, and the feeding alternates - either root or deciduous. There are no special and special fertilizers, you can use ordinary liquid fertilizers for indoor plants, for example, "Rainbow", "New Ideal".
She also takes well fertilizer "Palm" or "For the palm trees." The composition of such baits usually include: phosphorus, potassium, nutrients, nitrogen, peat and organic fertilizer.
Over the summer period, dracaena can be brought to the balcony or veranda to provide fresh air and all-round solar lighting. This will ensure uniform growth of the leaves on the plant, as well as its acceleration and recovery.However, do not forget to install the dracaena so that it is protected from the wind.
Dracaena will be very grateful to you if you will periodically loosen the topsoil in the summer and spring months. Also, periodically wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge so that the plant has free aeration.
It is necessary to remove yellowed and dried leaves in time. For dracaena, it is considered normal when the lower foliage falls off with it at intervals. In order to rejuvenate the plant - you can cut off the crown of the flower and root it. You can add more young flowers to the old dracaena in the pot, so you get an interesting composition.
It is best to transplant dracaena every two years in the spring months. The surest signal that it is time to repot the flower is that the roots have come together in a tight lump and do not fit well in a pot. For soil suitable universal purchase of soil that is sold in any flower shop.
Care in the winter months is not too different from summer. She prefers wintering in a colder room - 10-12 °, but it does not matter.In the winter months, the main thing is not to fill the plant with water, watering is significantly reduced, so each time carefully check the soil. Since this flower loves light, then if the dracaena does not stand on the windowsill, it is better to plant the plant on it or move it closer.
Pests and diseases
Despite the fact that dracaena is an easy-care plant, it also has a limit. If you notice that the tips of the leaves have become dry and yellow, this indicates that you are not watering the poor at all, or the air in the room is too dry.
If the leaves began to curl and become completely soft, then this is a sure sign that the plant is freezing. Among pests most common are scale insects and spider mites. Shields are manifested by large brown spots on the inside of the leaf, and the spider mite - yellow spots on the outside and a light cobweb.
Combat such pests with the help of special soap solutions, which, depending on the situation, or sprayed on the surface of leaves or processed with a sponge. In general, such pests are extremely rare.
Like any plant, dracaena loves attention.If you carefully take care of your plant, then you will not have any trouble growing this unusual flower.
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