How to open your cafe from scratch
If you decide to embark on the path of opening a catering center, most likely you have a lot of questions, including how to open a cafe, and what you need to do. First of all, it is necessary to structure the basic points that will help to make a complete picture of the actions.
Many dream of a thriving restaurant or comfortable and warm cafe. To become a good restaurateur is not easy, but realistic. In the article I will offer information that will help open a cafe and make a business prosperous.
Tips for opening a cafe from scratch
Managers, managers, and even students prefer to eat daily at a cafe, rather than carrying packages with sandwiches.
To open an institution from scratch, you need capital, premises and a package of documents.
- Choose a market segment, analyze the market and make a business plan.
- Think over the concept of the institution. For example, you can organize in the form of a gallery or on wheels.
- Choose the legal form of the enterprise and the tax system.
- Choose a location. If a youth institution opens, great places in the university area. A family cafe is opened in the sleeping areas, and a thematic one is in the center of the city.
- Based on the estimated number of customers, a menu is made. Excellent set - five hot dishes, twice as many salads and snacks, and a half dozen drinks.
- The list of the main components that leave an impression about the institution is represented by: staff, cozy atmosphere and a certain chip.
- It is better to entrust the selection of personnel to a competent recruiting agency.
- Before starting repair, get a permit for the establishment of the institution. This document is the official agreement to open a cafe in a certain room. You can get in Rospotrebnadzor.
The permission for opening will be issued by the head physician of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Station for ten days. You will need the following documents:
It will be necessary to acquire such permits:
- Trade license
- Licensed to sell cigarettes and alcoholic beverages
- Patents for conducting business activities.
Many in the design of these documents make mistakes.A professional lawyer will help to avoid such a fate.
Detailed video instruction
Now let's talk about the cost of discovery. It is difficult to say how much money will be needed if there is no business plan at hand. It all depends on the location, city, equipment, menu, etc.
You have to seriously invest in:
Do not hurry and think carefully about all the steps, because the future of the institution and the profit depend on it. It remains for me only to wish you good luck in creating a business.
Where to start - a plan of action
I will try to help you understand the peculiarities of the restaurant business, offering a detailed step-by-step plan for opening a cafe and a few important tips.
It is necessary to determine the format of the institution. For example: dining room, restaurant, coffee shop, bar or cafe. Beginners are recommended to start with the opening of the usual cafe with minimal investment.
- . Represents an institution in which there is a counter with alcoholic beverages and a hall designed for an average of 30 visitors. Order a hot dish at the bar will not work. It offers a fine selection of spirits, snacks and various salads.
- coffee house. People come here to sit in a cozy atmosphere, have a cup of tea or coffee and a little snack. The coffee house is perfect for small companies who want to relax a bit and forget about vanity for a moment.
- . Universal institution. Here you can drink, eat, dance, chat or celebrate. The menu includes hot dishes, salads, cold dishes, desserts and drinks.
Place and design
The choice of location. The institution must be in a passable and crowded place. Design to choose a comfortable, interesting and original. The interior of the room must comply with the concept and name of the institution. Waiters should wear a stylish uniform with the cafe symbols.
- The waiters are obliged to look beautiful and show cleverness. Unforeseen situations arise, and the waiter should be able to calmly and quickly solve them. They should know the names of the dishes, composition and cost.
- The bartender is obliged to know the names of the drinks that are in stock, their value, well-oriented in the sorts of beer and wine.
- Cook - invisible flagship institution. It depends on his skill whether the client will return to the cafe.The most important is the quality of the food.
Purchase of products
A very important process, in which the leader must also participate. Cooks are trying to take products in reserve. Undoubtedly, this approach is correct, but in an institution that is just opening, no one knows what kind of dishes buyers will order. At first, you need to buy everything a little.
I will give a few words to the atmosphere of the institution. We must try to make a cozy, warm and benevolent atmosphere so that the visitor has a feeling of care and love.
What if there is no money?
Many beginning entrepreneurs are interested in how to open a business without investments. I will give a brief guide that will help understand how to open a cafe without money.
- It is necessary to make a business plan. In the document, lay the amount required at the initial stage and make an estimate, which includes the payment of staff, utilities, advertising, the cost of products and rental of premises. Be sure to include the planned income
- To go with the business plan to the bank for a loan. Information should be indicated competently and truthfully.
- Discuss the question of opening a cafe with relatives and longtime friends. Perhaps they will lend the necessary amount.It is better to pay interest to a loved one than a banking organization.
- If you have a wealthy friend, offer him a partnership.
- If you manage to get money, immediately start thinking about how to earn money and become a millionaire. Initially, this is problematic, because the cafe will be less frequented. To help come advertising or untwisted network portal.
- You can create a page on the cafe on the Internet, launch an advertising campaign on third-party portals. Actively use social networks for advertising purposes.
Show perseverance and confidently go to the goal.
12 steps to open a fast food cafe
The term "fast food" appeared recently, but fast food establishments instantly gained popularity. This market segment is attractive for start-ups. At the opening of such an institution does not require large costs.
Fast food cafe - an institution where you can quickly and inexpensively eat. The service time does not exceed 5 minutes, and the average client’s stay is 30 minutes. Success depends on the high turnover of seats.
- Choose a place.It must be distinguished by high maneuverability, must comply with the requirements of the fire inspection and SES.
- Decide on the type of institution. Often, fast food cafes use ready-made semi-finished products that heat up or carry out final processing after ordering a visitor. Prepare semi-finished suppliers.
- If you want to independently produce semi-finished products, for example, tacos, you will need to equip an additional room for processing vegetables, cutting fish and meat.
- There are several types of "fast food". It is necessary to determine the variety. The set of equipment depends on it. Restaurants such as McDonalds. Cafe specific national cuisine. Restaurants that are at the head of the concept of the product - dumplings, pizzerias or pancakes.
- Having decided the issue with the rental of premises, arrange the interior. Most often, fast food cafes can not boast of exquisite design and pretentious atmosphere. Not surprising, because they are not focused on a long pastime.
- The main feature of "fast food" - the strictest standardization. She is exposed to dishes, equipment, assortment and even interior.This is due to the wide development of networks of such institutions. If you decide to open a fast food cafe, be sure to find out whether it is more profitable to organize a franchise business.
- Such establishments provide self-service, waiters will not be required. However, without a cleaner, dishwasher cleaners, assistants and cooks can not do.
- Only hire sociable, agile and stress-resistant workers. They should know the regulations in the field of trade and public catering.
How to open a cafe on the highway
I often have to drive a car over long distances. After sitting behind the wheel for several hours, there is a desire to make a stop, look in a cozy cafe and get some rest.
At the same time, many people are not satisfied with the level of wages, and they begin to think about starting their own business - a cafe on the highway. This kind of restaurant business deserves special attention.
- Get a spot for fast food. Visit the road construction management, where you can find out which district the land plot belongs to.
- After go to the district administration and write an application for the provisionplot for rent or property.
- Be sure to register a PI or YL. For a small cafe is enough IP. If the plans include opening a network of fast-food outlets, it is impossible to do without registration of the LE.
- Make a project and business plan. With these documents go to the administration for approval. After you get permission to open a cafe.
- After receiving the land, contact a licensed architect. Make a sketch and project of the building, solve issues related to communications.
- Project and sketch cafe take to the department of urban planning. Here you will receive an act of reconciliation. Together with him go to SES, fire protection, administration.
- After completing the construction of the building, invite a special commission, which will carefully examine the building and make a final verdict.
- Before opening, invite SES employees. They will inspect the cafe and give a conclusion. The building should be sewage, water supply and a bathroom.
- The last point put fire safety experts.
You can enter the restaurant business only after obtaining all the necessary permits.Next will be to hire qualified personnel and get to work.
Finally, I add, if you intend to open such an institution, do not rush to show off among friends. It is better to inform them after the doors of the cafe open for visitors. There are envious people who seek to destroy the enthusiasm of the person who decided to open a business. They declare that nothing will work out, there is a crisis in the country, all the money will be wasted.
Grow an idea secretly from others. As a result, an open cafe is shocking to them. To see the result of the work, the envious will come themselves and grab a few friends. You, in turn, will receive the first visitors.
I wish you good health and great success in this difficult task.
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