How to choose the state or commercial university
In the summer, universities have a hot time - enrollment of applicants. For high school students - the first adult decision, the first step in a new, adult life. Until the last moment, most students can not choose a university. This is alarming, leads to another stress (the first - passing the exam).
The choice is made more often on the advice of parents, because they know better the abilities and preferences of the child. Sometimes parents put pressure on the child when choosing a university. Excessive persuasion and pressure will not lead to anything good, young people can make a mistake in their choice and drop out of school. Self-selection brings greater responsibility for training.
How does a schoolboy choose the right university? Many graduates are determined with the direction simply - they choose what they like best. If the school liked computer science, they choose programming, mathematics is easy to do - they choose economics.
So, the conclusions: to choose a university, decide on the future profession. You can become a doctor, a policeman, an accountant, a banker, an economist, a lawyer, a linguist.Or determine the scope of activities where you want to work. Depending on the chosen profession, choose the options for educational institutions. Select several universities, this will help to insure yourself against non-admission.
Levels of education and forms of education
Before we talk about universities, pay attention to the stage of higher education.
- Bachelor's program. Training 4 years. The graduate receives a bachelor's degree - a base of higher education. The bachelor degree prepares qualified specialists for the executive positions. It also ensures the development of professionalism in the required volume to perform a number of general specialties or areas.
- Specialty. Education lasts 1 year after undergraduate. A diploma of higher education is given to a specialist with a narrow specialization with higher qualifications.
- Master's Courses. After undergraduate study for another 2 years. A graduate receives a master's degree. This stage involves a deeper specialization, and graduates are able to solve more complex tasks of a specific field of activity, to engage in research and analytical work.Master's degree, for the most part, prepares scientific and pedagogical staff.
The form of training depends on the capabilities of the student. Universities offer forms:
- Full-time education (full-time).
- Evening - part-time.
When choosing a form of learning, start from the ability to learn independently - this distinguishes these types from each other. On a full-time or full-time student, students are required to attend lectures daily and listen to the teacher. The externship allows you to arrive at the university at the appointed time and report how it was self-preparation, having talked with the teachers.
With steps of education and forms of education it is clear. Next, determine which stage suits you, and it remains to select the appropriate university. Educational institutions are divided into:
- state (founder state),
- commercial (founders private persons, funds, public organizations).
Which university is better to choose you. Much depends on the financial capabilities of the family, here the advice is inappropriate. Consider one more factor: diplomas of public educational institutions are valued higher than commercial ones.However, if we talk about the training of specialists, a number of non-state universities are leading before the state ones.
How to choose a university?
Before you start choosing a university, weigh your possibilities and consider how you passed the final exams. What is this for? To calculate whether it is possible to enroll on a budget basis or have to pay for training. In any university that has passed state accreditation, there is a certain number of budget (free) places. In public places such more than in commercial.
The next step, we define several key criteria in the selection. First of all:
- Cost of education.
- Cost of living.
An important role is played by factors:
- Reviews of familiar students.
- The geographical location of the school.
- Infrastructure (well-equipped library, gym, hostel)
- Highly qualified teaching staff.
- Technical equipment of the university.
- Military Department.
- Prospects after graduation.
12 ways to choose a university and profession
Detailed information about universities is present on their personal sites.Do not forget to carefully review the list of documents required for admission. Some guys choose subjects in the exam. In addition to compulsory Russian language and mathematics, a student can pass several exams of choice, for example: physics, history, social studies, geography, biology, etc. You can choose a university that will enroll in a particular specialty for good results in the Unified State Exam
On the websites of universities there is information about the approximate number of points for enrollment. The final information about the passing score is formed on the basis of all applications submitted and the average score passed by the EGE. This method of choosing the easiest, so it is better to choose the specialty where it is interesting to learn and you can fully express yourself.
There are a lot of parameters for recommending a commercial university. First of all, find out:
- Is there state accreditation, what is the material and technical condition, are there modern forms and methods of the educational process and to what extent are teachers known.
- Having partnership agreements with well-known universities in the country or abroad.This indicates a high level of educational institutions.
Enrollment in commercial universities is different. Some applicants are enrolled in the USE, the results of competitions or subject Olympiads, others are enrolled after an interview, testing, or after a comprehensive assessment.
There is no competition as such. Accept all those who have passed the selection, or who filed an application before the deadline. Sometimes, with an increase in the number of talented applicants, an educational institution forms additional groups, and applications are received in several stages.
Payment for tuition is made only after enrollment. For participation in the entrance exams fee is not taken. Many universities allow you to pay for the year fractionally, the monthly payment is practiced, which is quite beneficial for the parents of the future student. Such a system is practiced mainly for girls, young men have to pay by semester or annually. So you can guarantee a deferment from the army.
Cost of education
The cost of training depends on the region of residence. In Moscow and St. Petersburg is more expensive than in other cities of Russia.In some cases, only children of millionaires can enter the university of Moscow. Another factor affecting the cost is the glut of the market with certain specialties, for example, “accounting and auditing”. Statistics show that over the past 5 years there has been a decline in payment for this specialty.
Number of budget places
How many budget places allocates one university? The quota for budget places is determined by the executive authorities of the subject of the federation, together with the educational institution on a competitive basis. The higher the score when passing the USE, the greater the chance to enter budget places.
State universities hold a targeted admission of students, where there is a separate competition for places. Quotas are set at the federal level after coordination with the Ministry of Education and Science. The university prepares specialists on a fee basis, having concluded a contract with a private or legal entity for payment of tuition.The admission rules are different, therefore, very carefully study the rules of each university where you are going to enter.
Public schools must comply with the mandatoryeducational standard that exists in our country, so they pass state accreditation every 5 years.
The State University has much more free places that are allocated from the municipal budget for especially talented students, taking into account the results of entrance exams. They have existed for a long time, because before all educational institutions were state-owned, and tuition was free. However, it was more difficult to enter due to the high competition. With the advent of non-state educational institutions competition has diminished. Currently, state universities have commercial offices, which reduces competition among applicants.
State educational institutions have preserved the history and traditions of teaching, give a qualitatively classical education, but innovations are not alien to them. In a number there is a practice of internships for students abroad, a program for the exchange of students, there is an agreement with some enterprises on the provision of jobs after graduation.
When choosing, take into account the fact that quality education is given by both state and non-state universities, as well as poor quality.
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