"Hamlet", "Auditor" and 5 more plays, mandatory reading
The tragedy of the Prince of Denmark, who avenges the murder of the king's father, is perhaps the most famous play in the world. Justice and lawlessness, madness and wisdom, loyalty and treachery ... Hamlet rushes between extremes, feeling the most important of them - the insignificance and greatness of a person - both in himself and tormented by it. Let the tragedy finale be known to everyone from school — Shakespeare will always find something to surprise and intrigue, if you take a grasp of remarks and notes, pay more attention to artistic details. And a little advice: it is better to get acquainted with the play of the great Englishman in the classical translations of Mikhail Lozinsky or Boris Pasternak.
To be or not to be, that is the question.
It is worth it
Humble under the blows of fate
Ile must resist
And in a mortal battle with a whole sea of troubles
Nikolai Gogol "The Inspector General" (1836)
What else to read from the author? The play "Marriage"
As we remember from school, Pushkin suggested the idea of the “Inspector” to Gogol. Nikolai Vasilyevich's talent was able to unfold a curious story about a false official from St. Petersburg, who allegedly arrived with special powers in the district city, in a satirical and always relevant panorama of Russian reality. Yes, times and decorations are changing, but people, perhaps, inside are still the same. The play is worth re-reading in order to refresh the memory of the winged expressions from it ("everything is like flies recovering", "It is, of course, Alexander the hero, but why do you break the chairs?", "Well, Brother Pushkin?", "I in some way ... I'm married "," What are you laughing at? Are you laughing at yourself! "), laugh loudly and plenty of things to think about.
Now, truly, if God wants to punish, so will the mind take away first of all.
Henrik Ibsen "Doll House" (1879)
What else to read from the author? The play "Per Gynt"
This drama - pay attention to the year of writing! - called not only as a manifesto of feminism. The main character, Nora Helmer, revolts against the fact that in the eyes of her husband and society the meaning of her life comes down to the “sacred duties” of his wife and mother.And this rebellion does not arise because the lady bored in the golden cage decided to play for independence. No, Nora once did a “daring” act: borrowed a lot of money for a spouse - and when her secret was revealed, instead of gratitude “motovka” and “liar” received only the anger of her second half ... What decision will the offended young woman take regarding family ties and whether the husband who does not consider her an equal person will forgive her?
But our whole house was just a big nursery. I was here your pupa-wife, just like my dad's house was a father's pupa-daughter. And the children were really my dolls
Anton Chekhov "The Cherry Orchard" (1903)
What else to read from the author? Plays "The Seagull", "Three Sisters"
To rediscover the classics and love it, you need to forget that you used to read masterpieces of world literature at school just to write an essay. What is Cherry Orchard about? On the irreconcilable conflict of the old and the new way of life, aesthetic ideals and business acumen. The course of history is relentless: the cherry orchard, the personification of the beauty and romance of noble life, is doomed to go under the ax and become a source of income - a dacha.The former owner, the landowner Ranevskaya, can not save what is dear to her, and does not try to do this, living illusions. The new owner, the merchant Lopakhin, is a materialist and a man of action, but for some reason this “son of progress” also does not look ideal and attracts no more than the other characters of the lyric drama.
Do not deceive yourself, you must at least once in your life look the truth straight in the eye
Bernard Shaw "The House Where Hearts Break" (1917)
What else to read from the author? The play "Pygmalion"
Irishman George Bernard Shaw - winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1925, the second after Shakespeare's playwright on the relevance of his works in the English theater. But "House ..." Shaw wrote under the influence not of the British, but of the Russian literary tradition, impressed, in his own words, by Chekhov's work. The theme of the play is the spiritual crisis of the intelligentsia of foggy Albion, the duration of the action is Europe during the First World War. The family members and the guests of Captain Chateauvert speak a great deal, useless, entangled in love polygons, seek the meaning of life (not all), lie and weave intrigues, sparing neither their own nor other people's secrets.Where real problems are obscured by far-fetched, sometimes a broken heart is just beautiful words, because instead of heart there is emptiness ...
... people have their virtues and vices are not laid out on the shelves. All this is mixed together.
Evgeny Shvarts "The Dragon" (1942-1944)
What else to read from the author? The play "Ordinary Miracle"
It is given: a tiny town suffering from the oppressions of a terrible dragon and ... got used to it, and a brave wandering knight Lancelot, who wants to save everyone. Objective: to destroy the insidious fire-breathing monster. Result: the dragon is killed, but not defeated, because the new authorities of the town continue his policy. And people still live in fear, lies and humility, fearing to change anything - the dragon does not in vain boast to his opponent that the “deaf and dumb”, “dead” souls of his subjects were cut by themselves and they didn’t need to be saved by ... , despite the fabulous guise, has a deep philosophical parable and the pathos of the dystopia; for the antitotalitarian sentiment the play was forbidden to be staged in the USSR until 1962.
... the only way to get rid of dragons is to have your own
Alexander Vampilov "Duck Hunting" (1967)
What else to read from the author? The play "Elder Son"
One of the most scandalous and profound dramatic works of the Soviet era. Scandalous, because the central character of the play, Viktor Zilov, is by no means the standard of a husband, friend, worker, citizen (the "seditious" drama in the first half of the 1970s was reluctantly released into print and onto the stage). Deep, because the reader and theatrical spectator will certainly ask: why did Zilov, who was safely settled in the life of an intellectual on the threshold of thirty years, have a wormhole inside? He does not hesitate to lie to his friends, he changes his good and beautiful wife, and generally treats people with contempt, for him everything is meaningless. Zilov and the hero of his time (Soviet Pechorin), and the eternal type of person, attractive in appearance, developed mentally and not without talents, but with a soul disability.
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